Tekniska Museet
100 Innovations - Tekniska museet

An exhibition at the National Museum of Science and Technology in Stockholm, 2012 – 2018

The weaving loom

The weaving loom

Ingress för att beskriva innovationen

The weaving loom

Weavers working with automatic weaving looms at Drags AB wool factory in Norrköping, Sweden. 1947. Photo: Sandels Illustrationsbyrå.

The weaving loom

A close-up image of woven towels. Photo: Ellinor Algin.

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The weaving loom

A weaving loom is used to put threads together that become fabric for clothing, carpets, furniture, curtains or something else. A weaving loom can make silk, rugs or sackcloth — all depending on what kind of thread is weaved and how.

We do not know exactly when people began to weave but there have been findings of weaved fabric from 7,000 B.C. There are weaving looms for the home and weaving machines in factories. A so-called jacquard can control up to 10,000 threads by using punched cards.

In a regular weaving loom there are stretched threads which are called the warp. Threads called the weft go through the warp. The person who weaves at home pulls through a shuttle of weft by hand but in industrial weaving machines the shuttle can be powered by an air jet.

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