Tekniska Museet
100 Innovations - Tekniska museet

An exhibition at the National Museum of Science and Technology in Stockholm, 2012 – 2018

The vaccum cleaner

The vacuum cleaner

Ingress för att beskriva innovationen

The vaccum cleaner

1205 model of Electrolux vacuum cleaner made in the beginning of the 1970s. L3544. Photo: Anna Gerdén.

The vaccum cleaner

Electrolux test facility at the factory in Lilla Essingen in Stockholm, 1920s. Photo: Archives of National Museum of Science and Technology.

Kort fakta om innovationen

Kort fakta (2) om innovationen

Rubrik för små genier


The vacuum cleaner

The idea of a vacuum cleaner was born in a time when the home was filled with dusty rugs just as people began to make the first link between hygiene and health. The first vacuum cleaner was invented by the Englishman, H C Booth in 1901. It was pulled by a horse and powered by petrol.

Households later had electricity, the vacuum cleaner became smaller and electricity became more and more common in the home. In the beginning they thought that the vacuum cleaner could be used to do a little bit of everything. It had a nozzle for descaling fish, blow-drying hair, grooming cows and washing cars.

The Swedish company Electrolux was founded in 1919 and soon became one of the world´s leading manufacturers of vacuum cleaners. The “dammsugare" (vacuum cleaner) sweets served in Swedish cafés today have a similar appearance to the Electrolux vacuum cleaner Z30, also called the Loaf, from 1938.

Rubrik för nördar



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