Tekniska Museet
100 Innovations - Tekniska museet

An exhibition at the National Museum of Science and Technology in Stockholm, 2012 – 2018

The mobile telephone

The mobile telephone

Ingress för att beskriva innovationen

The mobile telephone

This mobile phone is an AP4111 manufactured by Philips in 1986. It weighs 4, 25 kg. TM44762. Photo: Ellinor Algin.

The mobile telephone

Smartphones, with their many useful and entertaining functions, are immensely popular. Photo: Ellinor Algin.

Kort fakta om innovationen

Kort fakta (2) om innovationen

Rubrik för små genier

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The mobile telephone

The first text message was sent in England in 1992. The message was "Merry Christmas". In 2011, every second 200,000 text messages were sent globally.

When you call another mobile the call does not go directly between the telephones.  It first connects via a base station to the operator´s centre, which keeps track of all mobiles that may make calls via a base station when someone is called.

The NMT mobile phone system opened in 1981 after an agreement between telecommunications services in Nordic countries. One of the leading companies was Ericsson. In 1991 a system came for the whole of Europe - GSM. The third generation 3G provided a higher transfer capacity. Mobile systems of the future will be integrated with the Internet and other wireless networks.

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