Tekniska Museet
100 Innovations - Tekniska museet

An exhibition at the National Museum of Science and Technology in Stockholm, 2012 – 2018

Test-tube fertilisation

Test-tube fertilisation

Ingress för att beskriva innovationen

Test-tube fertilisation

The moment when sperm is being injected into an egg under a microscope, creating a human embryo outside the body. Photo: Anna Gerdén.

Test-tube fertilisation

The fertilized egg cells can start dividing in a cell culture dish with nutrient solution. Here they are being examined under a microscope. Photo: Anna Gerdén.

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Kort fakta (2) om innovationen

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Test-tube fertilisation

Many people dismissed the project but the researchers, Robert G Edwards and Patrick Steptoe´s test-tube fertilisation was a revolutionary treatment for infertility. Edwards was awarded the Nobel Prize in Medicine in 2010.

The method, which was developed in the 1970s, made it possible to create a human embryo outside the body. Egg cells from the woman are fertilised with sperm in a laboratory. One egg cell is then returned to the woman and a foetus can develop.

Since the first test-tube baby, Louise Brown, was born in England in 1978 more than 4 million children have come into the world through test-tube fertilisation. Scandinavia´s first test-tube baby was born in Sweden in 1982. 40,000 Swedish babies have been born using the technique between 1991 and 2010.

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