Tekniska Museet
100 Innovations - Tekniska museet

An exhibition at the National Museum of Science and Technology in Stockholm, 2012 – 2018

The insulin

Insulin

Ingress för att beskriva innovationen

The insulin

This syringe for insulin injections was manufactured in the 1950s by Helinos, a Swedish company. On loan from Eli Lilly AB. Photo: Anna Gerdén.

Insulin

This insulin pen was made in the 2000s. Stickers can be used by children who want to make their insulin pens look cooler. Photo: Peter Häll.

Kort fakta om innovationen

Kort fakta (2) om innovationen

Rubrik för små genier

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Insulin

Insulin is a protein produced in the pancreas. It ensures that we feel satisfied after eating and that our body takes up sugar from the blood too. If the pancreas produces too little insulin or if the body stops responding to it we can get diabetes. In Sweden there are more than 350,000 diabetics.

Frederick Banting managed to extract insulin from the pancreases of dogs in 1921. The discovery meant that humans with diabetes can live a normal life by being treated with insulin.

Insulin was previously produced from the pancreases of pig foetuses. Today, human insulin is mainly made by means of DNA technology. The natural human ability to produce insulin is incorporated into bacteria or yeast and causes them to produce large quantities of the protein.

Rubrik för nördar

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